There are many different conditions that can inflict pain and damage to the forefoot. These injuries and conditions do not always respond to conservative methods of treatment and sometimes need surgical intervention to help heal and treat them. Each type of disorder calls for a different type of surgery. Here is some of the most common forefoot problems and information about the surgeries that accompany them.
Bunions - this common foot deformity causes an enlargement of the bone and its surrounding tissue on the joint of the big toe. Genetics is known to play a key role with this disorder. Bunions will show up red, swollen and inflamed causing pain to someone wearing shoes. If conservative methods fail, a podiatrist will take an x-ray of your foot and decide the best surgical course of action for your specific bunion.
Hammer Toes- hammertoes are typically scrunched back and angled to look as if they have been hit in with a hammer, hence their namesake. Since the toes begin to buckle, pain begins to radiate in the toes and the feet making it hard to wear shoes. Through surgery, a podiatrist can realign the toes to help relieve pain and allow for proper foot wear.
Neuroma- irritated nerves can cause a neuroma which is the enlargement of a segment of a nerve. These typically occur between the third and fourth toe. They can swell and cause a patient a lot of pain when they try to stand and bear weight on the affected foot. Surgery can be performed to numb the nerve and provide relief from pain.
Bunionette - these small bunions occur on the pinky toe of the foot. They are similar to the larger big toe bunions. They cause pain and make it hard for a patient to wear shoes. A podiatrist may determine that repair via surgery is needed to heal the foot.
Bone Spurs- a bone spur is an overgrowth of bone due to trauma, reactive stress or pressure. It can restrict motion of a joint and cause pain. Sometimes spurs can be found under the toenail plate. This can cause nail deformity. Surgical treatment is based off of size and location of the spur. Your podiatrist will recommend the best course of action for your specific spur.
Don’t have a podiatrist? Have a condition listed above? It’s time to act now! Dr. Andrew H. Cohen, of Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center, located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan. After a consultation Dr. Cohen will help you decide whether or not forefoot surgery is right for you. Call 989-790-8009 or make an appointment online today. We take your foot health seriously.