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Posts for tag: Arthritis

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
August 31, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Arthritis  

Arthritis is a joint condition that affects roughly 54 million American adults according to the Arthritis Foundation. It can show up in joints all around the body, including the feet and toes. When the joints of the feet are affected by inflammation, it affects a patient’s ability to move their toes, bend their feet up or down, and turn on a dime when participating in athletic activities. Learn the steps that you can take to care for arthritic feet and improve your overall foot health.

Arthritis in the Feet
Arthritic joint pain, which is usually caused by an inflammatory reaction, is most commonly felt in the big toe, ankle, and the middle part of the foot. There are many different types of arthritis conditions that could affect the feet, including psoriatic, reactive, and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form—it is caused by the bones rubbing together, making the joints feel stiff and painful. Patients who are overweight are more likely to struggle with arthritic feet, as are seniors. Some people have had arthritis since childhood (juvenile arthritis or JA), making them more likely to develop foot deformities like bunions and struggle with swollen joints.

Arthritis Treatments
Though arthritis isn’t a curable condition, the symptoms can be eased with treatment so that you can continue to walk, jog, exercise, and work without debilitating pain. These are some of the ways your podiatrist may treat arthritis in the feet:

  • An X-ray or other imaging test to examine the condition of the joints.
  • Physical therapy exercises to make the joints more flexible.
  • Orthotic device or shoe for better foot support.
  • Joint injections (corticosteroids).
  • NSAID drugs (anti-inflammatories).
  • Surgery to remove inflamed tissue around the joints (Arthroscopic debridement) or fuse the bones (arthrodesis).

Caring for Your Feet
Seeing a foot doctor is an important part of caring for arthritic feet. But there are also some actions you can take at home to keep your feet and joints in good condition:

  • Get rid of shoes that put too much pressure on your joints, like high heels or sneakers that don’t support the ankles.
  • Soak your feet in warm water with Epsom salt and massage your feet when relaxing.
  • Commit to doing the toe and foot exercises suggested by your podiatrist.

Treating Arthritic Feet
Arthritic feet shouldn't prevent you from carrying on with normal life and physical activities. Get help from a podiatrist as soon as you start to experience symptoms and take extra steps to care for your feet.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
September 07, 2017
Tags: Arthritis   Mallet Toe  

Our toes are a very important part of our feet. They help keep us balanced, get us moving, and keep us up right. They are important to our daily lives and everything that we do. Since we use our toes all the time, they are prone to a lot of different types of injuries and conditions. Toes that are deformed due to their over use or other trauma are very common. Podiatrist Dr. Andrew H. Cohen of Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan has seen all kinds of toe deformities, including mallet toes.

Mallet toes occurs when the joint at the end of the toe is not straight, usually due to the deterioration of the bones, muscles, and joints in the toes. The deformed toes tend to get corns and calluses on the top of them from rubbing on surfaces such as shoes. Another cause of mallet toe is due to arthritis. Improper footwear is another key factor in the cause of mallet toes. Shoes should have a lot of stability, shock support, cushion, and room. They should not be restrictive, have high heels, lack support, or be narrow in any way. 

Mallet toes is a very painful condition and often causes the sufferer a lot of restrictions in their daily lives. Many people who suffer from mallet toes are unable to walk normally, participate in athletics, and live a life without pain.


  • Relieve pressure
  • Reduce friction
  • Transfer force to other less sensitive areas
  • Use gel sole caps
  • Use gel shields
  • Use toe crests
  • Get properly fitting shoes

If you think that you could be suffering from mallet toes, call our office right away at 989-790-8009. Alternatively, you can request an appointment online. It is important not to wait until it is too late. The longer you live with mallet toes, the more damage you cause your feet and ankles over time. If your mallet toe is too severe, it is possible that corrective surgery will need to take place to properly correct the condition.  Let us guide you on your journey to complete foot health.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
August 08, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Arthritis   Gout  

The day starts off like any other day. You go to work, kick butt, come home and then relax. Things are wonderful as you sit down to your big dinner of baked fish and a nice glass of alcohol. You are relaxed, full, and relatively happy. This is your usual routine. That is until you notice something off with your foot. Its burning, swelling, and stiff. The pain is unimaginable. What happened? Well at the office of Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center we know that it could be gout.

Gout is a type of arthritis that attacks the feet. It can occur over and over and at different intervals unless it is properly treated. Over time the exposure to gout can permanently damage the tissue and tendons of the foot.


  • Burning
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • Sharp Pain
  • Redness

All of these symptoms are typically centralized in the toes and typically occurs at night. The ankle, foot, and knees can also get gout but less cases are seen of these instances. These flare ups can last for days or for weeks.


Gout is caused due to too much uric acid in the blood. It can cause hard crystals to form in the joint of the toes. If you drink too much alcohol, eat too much meat and fish that are high in protein or are overweight you are more likely to get gout. Alcohol, certain types of meat, and being overweight all cause uric acid levels to remain higher in the body. Diuretics, like caffeine, can also lead to gout.

How is it Diagnosed?

If you suspect that you have gout you should see a podiatrist right away. An examination will occur. Sometimes a podiatrist such as Dr. Andrew H. Cohen will remove some fluid from the joint and have it tested to see if there are any uric acid crystals in it. Blood tests can also occur to help diagnose gout.


There are many different treatment options for those with gout. The first thing to remember is DO NOT use aspirin to take away gout pain. It will only worsen the condition. Other acceptable forms of treatment are a cortisone shot, resting the joint and over the counter anti-inflammatory medicine.

If you suspect you have gout and your toes and feet are killing you, call 989-790-8009 and make an appointment or sign up for one online. Our offices ae conveniently located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan to better serve you. Do not wait, get your gait and foot health in line today!

Arthritis and High HeelsHigh heels might appear to be fashionable and a must for most females, but these types of shoes provide dangerous consequences to the bones, and structure of your feet. According to new 3D scans that are now beginning to be available in the field of podiatry, the way in which the foot is positioned when placed in a high heel causes serious problems like hammertoe, and severe arthritis.

With an extensive amount of pressure being put onto the foot, the bones begin to shift and twist out of place, causing serious pain. While celebrities like Victoria Beckham and Rosie Huntingdon-Whiteley don high heels almost every time they are on the red carpet, it should not be something that others should develop the habit of wearing often. According to Andy Goldberg, consultant orthopaedic surgeon, by wearing high heels, all of your body weight gets shifted to your toes which can make them become arthritic.  The safest thing to do is switch your high heels to more sensible shoes or to wear your high heels for less than two hours.

The effects of arthritis can be painful. If you are suffering from arthritis, you can seek the help of a podiatrist like Dr. Andrew H. Cohen of Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Cohen can help you with all your questions and foot care needs.

Arthritic Foot Care

In an average lifetime, we walk approximately 75,000 miles. This can put a great deal of stress on the 26 bones and 30 joints that we have in our feet. As we get older, our feet lose flexibility and elasticity. Our shock absorbers weaken, and if arthritis comes into play, the joints become inflamed and distorted. Arthritic foot care and treatment would become imperative at this point.

It is best to take care of your feet by wearing well-fitted shoes. Certain conditions may develop when you wear shoes that don’t fit properly, for example hammertoes, neuroma, and bunions. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room in the shoe can help your feet be comfortable.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

-Specific exercises may help; stretching the Achilles tendon can prevent further pain and injury. Stretching can also increase your mobility.
-Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, as well as topical medications with Capsaicin.
-Massages can also help to alleviate pain temporarily.

To learn more about arthritic foot care, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our offices in Saginaw, MI and Essexville, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on Caring for the Arthritic Foot.