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Posts for tag: Flat Feet

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Cente
June 19, 2019
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Flat Feet  

While there are many people with flat feet, often times they won’t even know it; however, there are others with flat feet that regularly experience pain, soreness, and other problems. While flat feet is rarely considered a serious issue, if you are dealing with problems as a result of your flat feet it’s important that you turn to a podiatrist who can offer up ways to prevent problems.

How to tell if you have flat feet

If the arches of your feet touch the floor when you stand then you have flat feet. The arches of our feet don’t actually develop until around the age of six; however, sometimes flat feet develop due to injury or repeated stress on the feet.

Symptoms of flat feet

The most common symptom of flat feet is foot pain that originates in the heels and arches. You may find that the pain gets worse when standing or moving for long periods of time. Those who are physically active may experience pain more regularly. Sometime swelling on the inside of the foot or ankle may also occur.

Potential complications of flat feet

Since flat feet can be responsible for misalignments, this can lead to ankle and knee problems. If you are noticing foot, ankle, knee, hip, or lower back pain then you will want to schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to find out what’s going on.

Treating flat feet

If you aren’t experiencing pain or other issues then you won’t require any treatment for your flat feet. While we can’t fix flat feet our podiatrist can provide you with simple solutions to reduce pain and discomfort associated with faulty biomechanics within the feet. Common ways to prevent flat foot-related pain include:

  • Using arch supports in your shoes, which can take pressure off the arches and provide cushioning and support when standing or moving.
  • Performing certain stretching exercises prescribed by a podiatrist. There are specific exercises designed to stretch the Achilles tendon to alleviate and prevent foot pain.
  • Wearing the appropriate footwear that provides further arch support. Shoes that are old and worn, as well as certain styles such as sandals or flip-flops won’t provide your feet with the proper support they need.
  • Undergoing physical therapy if you are dealing with foot pain due to overuse injuries, which is common among athletes. Physical therapy can help strengthen certain ligaments, tendons and muscles of the feet and ankles to prevent excessive wear and tear, as well as pain and soreness in the arches and heels.

If you are dealing with pain due to flat feet and can’t seem to get your discomfort under control then you will want to talk with a podiatrist who can recommend certain exercises, proper footwear, and custom orthotics to improve the health of your feet. Talk to a podiatrist today.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
July 12, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bunions   Flat Feet   pronation   Morton Neuroma   heel  

When we are babies and just learning how to walk, it isn’t uncommon to find ourselves with our feet and legs pointed inward or outward at a funny angle. Eventually, as time and practice occurs, along with the strengthening of the muscles, this rotation is gradually lost and we typically walk with straight legs and feet.  Some people are not so lucky though. Their feet and legs are considered pronated or rotated outward away from the body.

Foot pronation can be serious and is very important to correct early on if possible. Although not all pronation is caught at an early stage, there are still ways to improve the effects that it has on the body and your health.

Signs of Pronation

  • The heel is turned out and away from the center of the body
  • The forefoot is shifted outward from the heel
  • The inner ankle is bulging
  • The legs are turned inward

Sometimes people with pronated feet also have flat feet. Not all pronated feet are flat and not all flat feet are pronated. Sometimes the two are paired and other times they are not. Pronation that is severe can cause major issues for the body and everyday life.

Short Term Effects:

  • Alter the alignment of the pelvis, feet, ankle and back
  • Causes tired feet
  • Strains the feet
  • Causes abnormal motion in the joints

Long Term Effects:

Pronated feet are a deformity, that left untreated can become more severe. This type of disorder should be evaluated by a podiatrist right away. Corrective surgery and orthotics can be used to aid a person suffering from the disorder to find comfort and live a normal lifestyle.

Do you think your feet are suffering from pronation? Do your legs point away from the center of your body? Does your hips and feet ache after a day of regular activity? It’s time to call Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan. There Dr. Andrew H. Cohen will examine your feet, ankles, and gait and determine whether you have over pronation. Call 989-790-8009 or make an appointment online today. Don’t hesitate to get your feet healthy again.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
May 04, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Flat Feet   Diabetes   podiatrist  

If your feet hit the ground with a print that shows most of your foot, chances are you have flat feet. The best way to test that theory is to wet the bottom of your foot and make a foot print on a dry concrete surface. This will show your fallen arches and get you on the right track.

At Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center we test and treat flat feet so you can move forward with a better step. This condition is usually associated with pronation (when your ankle bone leans inward as you walk) and when flat feet become painful it means the tendon in your foot has become inflamed or torn. Ignoring this condition can lead to permanent disability but if you take time to follow some of these simple suggestions you may see permanent results instead.  


  • Stretched or damaged tendons
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Abnormality from birth
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Aging
  • Pregnancy

These causes are contributing factors with flat feet in one way or another and eventually take you back to the importance of medical treatment. Most people who have flat feet do not experience pain however, there are symptoms that may help you diagnose the problem yourself.

Here are some “ if’s “  to help.

  • If you notice that your feet are easily tired.
  • If you have pain in your arch or heels.
  • If you experience any difficulty standing or have back and leg pain.
  • If you have trouble standing on your toes.
  • If the inside bottom of your feet become swollen.


  • Consult a podiatrist for medical treatment as soon as possible.
  • Weight loss can take the pressure off the bones, ligaments and tendons in your feet.
  • Physical therapy may be recommended depending on the diagnosis.
  • Supportive shoes will help long term changes. Avoid tight shoes, high heels or unnaturally shaped shoes.
  • Orthotics that are custom made can give the best results.

If you think you may have flat feet or would like to confirm your own diagnosis, contact Dr. Andrew H. Cohen at Mid - Michigan Foot and Ankle Center located in Saginaw or Essexville Michigan. For an appointment call 989-790-8009 and let us help keep your feet in the best shape!

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
March 15, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bunions   Flat Feet   corns   calluses  

A bunion is a bone deformity that occurs in the big toe when it is moved out of place. It creates friction and pressure when it rubs inside your shoes and eventually angles in to the other toes. It is uncomfortable and painful and the skin becomes very tender and soft. The joint at the base of your big toe carries a lot of the weight when you walk and if you suffer from bunions the pain can be very intense. Some woman chose to wear sandals as often as possible or even jogging shoes to ease the pain. 


  • A bulging bump on the outside of your big toe
  • Swelling, redness or soreness around the joint
  • Little movement of the toe
  • Persistent pain in and around the area

Are high heels really to blame?

Bunions run in the family but they can also be the result of the way we walk and yes, the shoes we decide to wear have a role in it too. You may start with the deformity from genetics but the shoes push it to progress quicker. Although men do not typically wear high heels they are prone to getting bunions as well. Bunions are universal between both sexes.


  • Tight shoes add unnecessary pressure to the big toe
  • Foot structure that can run in the family
  • Foot injuries that were not properly tended to
  • Flat feet can contribute to the formation of a bunion


  • Protective shoe padding to eliminate the friction
  • Removing corns or calluses on your foot
  • Orthotic footwear or corrective devices
  • Exercise to keep your joints mobile and in use
  • Surgery to realign the toe

Bunion removal is a surgical procedure that corrects the deformed area of the big toe. It may be necessary if other methods do not relieve your pain. If you elect to have your bunion removed surgically you will want to discuss it with our team at Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center. We have two offices conveniently located in Saginaw or Essexville. For an appointment call 989-790-8009 and schedule a consultation visit with Dr. Andrew H. Cohen who is board certified by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery. Bunions do not have to cramp your style!


By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
February 23, 2017

Children’s Feet  should not hurt and many conditions can be corrected at an early age and still allow normal development.  The first step is to bring them in for an evaluation to see Dr. Andrew H. Cohen and let him do a complete foot evaluation on your child.

If your child is not participating in sports like they used to or are complaining about foot pain they could have flat feet among other things.  Or perhaps they are falling and not keeping up with the rest of their classmates which could also present some concerns.

Common Pediatric Children’s Foot Issues are often referred to as Podopediatrics and with a little education we can

 look for these signs:

  • Problems may appear at birth or shortly after once they are walking
  • Abnormal walking is the first sign that something may be wrong
  • Adolescents may develop foot or ankle issues also and should not be ignored
  • Limping (if not caused by injury) can be a sign in teenage or middle school ages
  • Pediatric heel pain may trigger some issues due to an abnormality in bone growth

Did you know that children can develop the following conditions as easily, if not more than adults?

  • Bunions ~ not just an elderly problem ~ many children develop bunions secondary to foot deformity
  • Flat feet ~ can become an issue as your child’s feet are growing and arches are developing
  • Ingrown toenails ~ children’s nails should be clipped properly (straight across) from a young age
  • Plantar warts ~ these are most common in children due to the virus they are exposed to in gym class and other public areas
  • In-toeing and Out-toeing ~ also known as walking “pigeon toed” ~ feet pointing inward or outward more than normal causing more falls or stumbles

At Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center we focus on foot and ankle health for everyone.  Strong feet and  healthy ankles start at birth so contact us at 989-790-8009 to make an appointment for your child and get them on the right path for a healthy and active life style.  Our kids may have little footprints but they should be able to take big steps!