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Posts for tag: calluses

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
June 07, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: corns   Flip Flops   calluses   sprains  

The warmer days are starting to become more and more dominant and that means a lot of fun beach weekends to enjoy. It may be tempting to grab your flip-flops and run out the door, but, before you hit the road, consider swapping out those kicks. Flip-flops are a convenient type of footwear that are widely worn all over the United States. They are especially great for hot days to help prevent sweaty feet. Need to kick off your shoes and run into the ocean in a flash? Flip-flops also seem to be the best answer in this scenario. What many people don’t know is that flip-flops can cause permanent damage to the feet if they are worn regularly. Here is why:

  • Flip-flops offer no support for your feet. Their naturally-flat shape provides no arch support whatsoever. This means that the full shock of your weight when walking is impacting your arch and slowly damaging it over time.
  • Flip-flops aren’t very thick. Most of these sandals are less than an inch thick. This means they have little shock support and that they are also easy to pierce. If you step on a nail or other object, it is very likely that it can make its way through your sandal and into your foot. This wound can inflict infection or damage muscles.
  • There is not a lot of grip. These sandals do not tend to have a lot of grip, which means that if you are hurrying along a tile, wood, or other slick surface, there is a good chance that you will come tumbling down.
  • Most people buy too large or too small. Flip-flops that are too big can become a tripping hazard. Your ankle will suffer dearly from a sprain or break from a fall. Shoes that are too small can cause pressure in between the toes where the throng is. This rubbing and pressure can cause blisters, corns and calluses.
  • Your feet are also exposed to the harsh rays of the sun. Most people forget to apply sunblock to their feet. When wearing open sandals without sunblock, you are putting your feet at risk for a sunburn which could lead to skin melanoma later on.

What can I wear instead?

There are many great supportive sandal options available for the summer. Many of them come with convenient adjustable straps that help you get the perfect fit. These sandals also have a lot of support and tread so that you aren’t taking a tumble and injuring yourself unnecessarily. Think they aren’t the best looking? Keep searching – great-fitting sandals that are also fashionable can be found with a little extra diligence and patience.

If you are injured while wearing flip-flops, be sure to call a podiatrist immediately. The injury can be exacerbated over time. Call  Dr. Andrew H. Cohen, of Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center, located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan. You can reach our office at 989-790-8009 or make an appointment online today. Don’t let flip-flops slow you down.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
April 05, 2018
Tags: Proper Footwear   calluses  

A callus doesn’t seem like a major foot problem to many people. This is because many people live with calluses on their feet every single day. A callus doesn’t become a problem until it starts to cause pain and suffering. Once pain is introduced then people begin to pay attention to their calluses.

A callus is an area of thick skin on the foot. This skin begins to get harder and thicker as a protective measure. It does this to help protect the foot from pressure and friction.

Symptoms a Callus Produces

  • Hard skins
  • Raised skin
  • Thick skin
  • Skin that is rough to the touch
  • Dry and flaky skin

What causes the callus?

If your shoe rubs the same spot of the foot over and over again a callus will begin to form to protect the soft, delicate skin. If a show is too tight and puts pressure on the foot than a callus will form to prevent further injury or puncture from this pressure. More often than not, calluses are caused by shoes that do not fit properly. Sandals, heels, and flats are also known to cause calluses on the heel due to their design.

Treating a callus that is on the heel is not impossible but it will take some work. If you are up for the challenge begin by giving yourself a pedicure. Take a pumice stone and gently rub the skin of the callus. Once the skin is smoother apply ointment or moisturizer to the skin to help it become happy and healthy again.

If you don’t want to give yourself a pedicure you can always go to your podiatrist’s office. There your podiatrist can safely remove the callus. Your podiatrist will also instruct you on proper footwear. Proper footwear will prevent calluses from forming which will prevent future pain. A sneaker is usually a good option when picking a new pair of shoes.

If your podiatrist is unable to file away your callus then he or she may recommend he callus be surgically removed. This usually happens in extreme and rare cases of calluses.

Unfortunately, calluses are likely to return. It is imperative that you see a podiatrist to help remedy your callus. At home treatment is not recommended as it can cause infection of the foot and lead to more severe problems down the road.

If you have a callus on your heel and are in pain or dislike it looks, then call Dr. Andrew H. Cohen, of Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center, located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan. Call 989-790-8009 or make an appointment online today. Your calluses are one step away from being smoothed over.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
November 16, 2017
Category: Foot Pain
Tags: Plantar Fasciitis   corns   calluses   gait   sprains  

Our feet are extremely important to our everyday lifestyles. They help us get to and fro, allow us to participate in sports and support our entire body when standing. We use our feet all the time. Over time they begin to suffer because of it.

One of the most common and influential positions that a foot can suffer from is the stance. When a person is standing still, your feet are getting pressure from two sources. The first source is the body weight of the person. The second is the heel to ground contact. The stance is one of the biggest causes of foot pain.

When walking, an individual’s gait (or the way they walk) also has a major impact on their overall foot health. The gait has three movements and the one that causes the most problems is known as the contact. This is when the foot meets the ground. All of the weight of the individual as well as the impact from heel to ground happens in this one jarring movement. As it repeats over and over, it can cause extensive damage.

Another cause of foot pain is standing in one position for too long. This can cause blood to accumulate in one area of the foot. It can also cause blood flow to lessen for the feet. This overall strain can cause varicose veins and other vascular disorders.

Although standing in one spot is not the best, always moving around also can be detrimental to your foot health and cause foot pain. The stress on the foot and muscles can cause plantar fasciitis, sprains and tears. It can also cause other foot conditions such as calluses, corns, and tired feet.

Our feet are in constant use. Although we can’t always prevent them from getting injured, we can take steps to decrease the likelihood. Take the leap and see podiatrist Dr. Andrew H. Cohen of Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan. After a thorough examination, he will determine what is causing your foot pain. Call 989-790-8009 or make an appointment online today. Cut that pain out of your life.


By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
August 02, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: corns   Blisters   calluses  

Sometimes tough skin can be a good thing. If you are an athlete or work out at the gym and use your hands to lift weights, this tough skin can prevent rips and tears. If you walk a long time in a pair of shoes that do not fit right, sometimes the blister turns into a patch of tough skin and prevents the pain that you feel. Dr. Andrew H. Cohen knows that tough skin can sometimes turn problematic. Corns and calluses can become tender and painful over time or overnight. The span of time it takes to feel pain from corns and calluses varies depending on the person and the circumstance.

Corns and calluses are both from one cause: a whole bunch of dead skin. This dead skin build up is usually due to the buildup of pressure on a single area of the foot. This pressure leads to the creation of a corn or a callus on the foot. The more weight and stress an area is dealt the thicker the skin becomes and the larger the corn or callus will grow. At first the corn or callus is helpful. There is less pain in the area that is suffering from the pressure. After a while this tough skin turns tender and painful too and the cushion that was once there is gone and a lesion can form instead.

Corns are typically found on the toes and calluses are typically found at the bottom of the foot. This is helpful when doing an examination of your foot in your home. It will give you information and a signal to call a podiatrist.


Podiatrists can cut down a corn or callus. After they are smaller and less obtrusive they can wrap the affected area up with a protective covering, such as gauze, and provide the patient with temporary relief. If the patient is looking for permanent relief then a different tactic is used. Dr. Cohen and the patient will work together to determine how the pressure is being caused and work to remedy it together. Once there is relief of pressure on the foot, the corns and calluses will stay away. Wearing the right shoes, using orthotics, and surgery are all ways a podiatrist can help alleviate pressure on the foot.

If your corns and calluses are bothering you look no further. Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center located in Saginaw and Bay City, Michigan is the right podiatrist office for you. Call 989-790-8009 or make an appointment online today.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
March 15, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bunions   Flat Feet   corns   calluses  

A bunion is a bone deformity that occurs in the big toe when it is moved out of place. It creates friction and pressure when it rubs inside your shoes and eventually angles in to the other toes. It is uncomfortable and painful and the skin becomes very tender and soft. The joint at the base of your big toe carries a lot of the weight when you walk and if you suffer from bunions the pain can be very intense. Some woman chose to wear sandals as often as possible or even jogging shoes to ease the pain. 


  • A bulging bump on the outside of your big toe
  • Swelling, redness or soreness around the joint
  • Little movement of the toe
  • Persistent pain in and around the area

Are high heels really to blame?

Bunions run in the family but they can also be the result of the way we walk and yes, the shoes we decide to wear have a role in it too. You may start with the deformity from genetics but the shoes push it to progress quicker. Although men do not typically wear high heels they are prone to getting bunions as well. Bunions are universal between both sexes.


  • Tight shoes add unnecessary pressure to the big toe
  • Foot structure that can run in the family
  • Foot injuries that were not properly tended to
  • Flat feet can contribute to the formation of a bunion


  • Protective shoe padding to eliminate the friction
  • Removing corns or calluses on your foot
  • Orthotic footwear or corrective devices
  • Exercise to keep your joints mobile and in use
  • Surgery to realign the toe

Bunion removal is a surgical procedure that corrects the deformed area of the big toe. It may be necessary if other methods do not relieve your pain. If you elect to have your bunion removed surgically you will want to discuss it with our team at Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center. We have two offices conveniently located in Saginaw or Essexville. For an appointment call 989-790-8009 and schedule a consultation visit with Dr. Andrew H. Cohen who is board certified by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery. Bunions do not have to cramp your style!